The impact of orphanhood on education attendance: Evidence from Zimbabwe
International Journal of Educational Development
Graduate School of Education and Institute of Economics of Education, Peking University, Beijing, China; UNICEF Ethiopia, UNICEF House, P.O. Box 1169, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; UNICEF Zimbabwe, 6 Fairbridge, Belgravia, Harare, Zimbabwe
The development community has started to question the exclusive focus of social protection programmes on orphans and vulnerable children affected by AIDS in the context of widespread poverty and vulnerability in Africa. This paper, using 2009 Zimbabwe Multiple Indicator Monitoring Survey data and multivariate regression analysis and simulations, shows that the impact of orphan-hood on childrens access to education should be not underestimated. Specifically, the probability differential of dropping out of school, when comparing double-orphans and children with both their parents, is almost as large as the gap between a child from the fourth quintile and the poorest quintile.
education; orphan; targeting; welfare provision; Zimbabwe