Evaluation of a spherical PML for vector FEM applications
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa
The implementation and evaluation of a spherical perfectly matched layer (PML) within a Cartesian finite element method context using standard curl-conforming elements is presented in this paper. Results are compared to the long-standing 1st order absorbing boundary condition (ABC) and a new, rigorous implementation of a 2nd order ABC for curl-conforming elements. The 4 and 8 layer spherical PMLs are shown to offer very attractive levels of absorption, with reflections on the order of -60 to -70dB demonstrated. Numerical tests show that the guidelines for Cartesian PML absorbers, in terms of maximum conductivity, also carry over to the spherical PML. The 2nd order ABC is also shown to offer very good performance. Finally, coding issues for both the spherical PML and the analytical ABCs are briefly addressed. © 2007 IEEE.
Boundary conditions; Finite element method; Numerical methods; Vectors; Absorbing boundary conditions (ABC); Cartesian finite element method; Perfectly matched layer (PML); Electromagnetic field theory