Market Orientation and Firm Performance: An Empirical Analysis of Ghanaian Microenterprises
Journal of Global Marketing
University of North Carolina at Pembroke, Pembroke, NC, United States; The Pennsylvania State University-York Campus, York, PA, United States; NUISTODOK Consultants, Kumasi, Ghana; The Pennsylvania State University-New Kensington Campus, New Kensington, PA, United States
While previous researchers have explored the relationship between market orientation and firm performance in larger organizations, such studies in microenterprises are scarce. This empirical study uses a structural equation model to examine the role of market orientation on firm performance of microenterprises operating in Ghana. To measure market orientation, we used a well-known scale (MARKOR), and the data (N = 347) for this study were collected from Ghanaian microenterprises using personal interviews. Study results indicated that the MARKOR scale provided a good measure of market orientation in Ghanaian microenterprises. The conceptualized model provided a good fit to the relationship between market orientation and the performance of Ghanaian microenterprises, indicating that market orientation as measured by MARKOR had a statistically significant positive impact on performance. However, the explanatory power of the model was relatively low, indicating the potential impact of other factors that were not incorporated in the model. Study implications are discussed. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.