The Swazi Monarchy and the Poor Performance of the Swazi Anti-Corruption Agency, 2006-2009
Journal of Asian and African Studies
University of Kwazulu-Natal, Economic History and Development Studies, Howard College, Memorial Tower Building, King George V Avenue, Durban, 4041, South Africa
Simelane, H.S., University of Kwazulu-Natal, Economic History and Development Studies, Howard College, Memorial Tower Building, King George V Avenue, Durban, 4041, South Africa
One of the major problems that has faced African countries since political independence has been continued poverty that has affected the lives of the populations of the countries. While there are numerous issues behind African poverty, corruption has emerged as one of the critical drivers. To address the problem of corruption African governments have been forced to experiment with different strategies, one of which has been the establishment of anti-corruption agencies. Swaziland is one of the African countries that has a huge problem of corruption, and has responded with the formation of an anti-corruption agency. However, since its inception, the agency has failed to operate effectively and corruption has continued to rise. This paper highlights the problem of corruption in Swaziland and the steps taken to curb it. The paper shows that the legal framework and the agency created to combat corruption have failed to yield the desired results, and continues to provide a critical analysis of such failure. It argues that the main issue behind the failure of the agency is royal absolutism wherein the Swazi monarchy has not only become a location of corruption but also perpetuates the scourge through protecting some influential people engaged in corrupt activities. © The Author(s) 2012.
Anti-corruption; corruption; democracy; development; governance; monarchy
corruption; democracy; legislation; performance assessment; poverty; sovereignty; temporal analysis; Swaziland