Evaluation of TB and HIV services prior to introducing TB-HIV activities in two rural districts in western Kenya
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE
University of Amsterdam, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention - USA, Kenya Govt Med Res Ctr, Kenya Minist Hlth, US Ctr Dis Control & Prevent
SETTING: Health facilities providing tuberculosis (TB) treatment in two districts in rural western Kenya with a high TB and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) burden.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate TB and HIV/acquired immune-deficiency syndrome (AIDS) services at the facilities and identify barriers to providing quality diagnostic HIV testing and counseling (DTC) and HIV treatment for TB patients in anticipation of the introduction of TB-HIV collaborative services.
METHODS: We performed a standard interview with health workers responsible for TB care, inspected the facilities and collected service delivery data. A self-administered questionnaire on training attended was given to all health workers. Results were shared with stakeholders and plans for implementation were developed.
RESULTS: Of the 59 facilities, 58 (98%) provided TB treatment, 19 (32%) offered sputum microscopy and 24 (41%) HIV testing. Most facilities (72%) advised HIV testing only if TB patients were suspected of having AIDS. Barriers identified included unaccommodating TB clinic schedules and lack of space, which was an obstacle to holding confidential discussions. The need to refer for HIV testing and/or HIV care was a perceived barrier to recommending these services. Activities implemented following the assessment aimed 1) to provide HIV testing and cotrimoxazole prophylaxis at all TB treatment clinics, 2) to increase availability of HIV treatment services, and 3) to address structural needs at each facility.
CONCLUSION: This evaluation identified barriers to the implementation of HIV testing and care services within facilities providing TB treatment.