Standardized versus customized high-intensity training: Effects on cycling performance
International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Sport Science Institute of South Africa, Newlands, South Africa
Purpose:To determine whether a submaximal cycling test could be used to monitor and prescribe high-intensity interval training (HIT)., Methods: Two groups of male cyclists completed 4 HIT sessions over a 2-wk period. The structured-training group (SG; n = 8, VO2max = 58.4 ± 4.2 mL · min-1 · kg-1) followed a predetermined training program while the flexible-training group (FG; n = 7, VO2max = 53.9 ± 5.0 mL · min-1 · kg-1) had the timing of their HIT sessions prescribed based on the data of the Lamberts and Lambert Submaximal Cycle Test (LSCT)., Results: Effect-size calculations showed large differences in the improvements in 40-km time-trial performance after the HIT training between SG (8 ± 45 s) and FG (48 ± 42 s). Heart-rate recovery, monitored during the study, tended to increase in FG and remain unchanged in SG., Conclusions: The results of the current study suggest that the LSCT may be a useful tool for coaches to monitor and prescribe HIT. © 2014 Human Kinetics, Inc.
adult; analysis of variance; article; bicycle; comparative study; controlled clinical trial; controlled study; convalescence; endurance; exercise; exercise test; heart rate; human; male; metabolism; methodology; muscle contraction; oxygen consumption; physiology; randomized controlled trial; skeletal muscle; South Africa; standard; task performance; time; Adult; Analysis of Variance; Bicycling; Exercise Test; Heart Rate; Humans; Male; Muscle Contraction; Muscle, Skeletal; Oxygen Consumption; Physical Conditioning, Human; Physical Endurance; Recovery of Function; South Africa; Task Performance and Analysis; Time Factors