The impact of highly active antiretroviral treatment (Haart) on employment in Khayelitsha
South African Journal of Economics
School of Economics, University of Cape Town, Centre for Social Science Research, Cape Town, South Africa
This paper examines the impact of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) on labour force participation of people living with HIV/AIDS in Khayelitsha, South Africa. Cox Proportional Hazard Models with stratum effects for three medical clinics, and Accelerated Failure Time Models with individual specific unobserved shared effects (frailty), are estimated for transitions from inactivity to unemployment, and transitions from unemployment into employment, using a longitudinal data set. The findings of this study indicate that HAART leads to greater activity in the labour market, but there was not a strong effect on re-entry into employment. © 2008 The Author. Journal compilation © 2008 The Economic Society of South Africa.
acquired immune deficiency syndrome; data set; disease treatment; employment; human immunodeficiency virus; labor market; Africa; Khayelitsha; South Africa; Southern Africa; Sub-Saharan Africa; Western Cape