High-performance towards removal of toxic hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution using graphene oxide-alpha cyclodextrin-polypyrrole nanocomposites
Journal of Molecular Liquids
Polymers and Composites, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)Pretoria, South Africa; DST, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), CSIR National Centre for Nanostructured MaterialsPretoria, South Africa; Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Abstract Graphene oxide (GO) was functionalized with alpha cyclodextrin (αCD) through a covalent bond to form GO-αCD nanocomposites (NC). GO-αCD NC was further modified with polypyrrole (PPY) to afford an advanced GO-αCD-PPY NC for the removal of highly toxic Cr(VI) from water. The prepared GO-αCD-PPY NCs were successfully characterised with AT-FTIR, FE-SEM, HR-TEM, BET and XRD techniques. Adsorption experiments were performed in batch mode to determine optimum conditions that include temperature, pH, concentration of Cr(VI) and contact time. It was deduced from the experiments that the adsorption of Cr(VI) by the GO-αCD-PPY NC is pH and temperature dependent, where optimum adsorption was achieved at pH 2 and it increased with increasing temperature. The adsorption kinetics followed the pseudo-second-order model and the adsorption isotherms fitted well to the Langmuir isotherm model with maximum adsorption capacities ranging from 606.06 to 666.67 mg/g. Effect of co-existing ions studies revealed that cations and anions had no significant effect on the adsorption of Cr(VI). Desorption studies also illustrated that the NC can be re-used up to 3 cycles. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Adsorption isotherms; Chemicals removal (water treatment); Chromium compounds; Cyclodextrins; Graphene; Nanocomposites; Polypyrroles; Solutions; Adsorption experiment; Cr removal; Graphene oxides; Increasing temperatures; Langmuir isotherm models; Polypyrrole nanocomposites; Pseudo-second order model; Temperature dependent; Adsorption
CSIR, Department of Science and Technology, Republic of South Africa; DST, Department of Science and Technology, Republic of South Africa