Delelegne S., Belew D., Mohammed A., Getachew Y.
Evaluation of elite hot pepper varieties (Capsicum spp.) for growth, dry pod yield and quality under Jimma condition, South West Ethiopia
International Journal of Agricultural Research
Jimma Zone Agriculture Office, P.O. Box 194, Jimma, Ethiopia; College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P.O. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia
Delelegne, S., Jimma Zone Agriculture Office, P.O. Box 194, Jimma, Ethiopia; Belew, D., College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P.O. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia; Mohammed, A., College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P.O. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia; Getachew, Y., College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P.O. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia
A field experiment was conducted at two locations under Jimma condition with the aim of investigating the performance of different varieties of hot pepper for growth, dry pod yield and quality, thereby, to recommend best adapting and high yielding variety/varieties for the farmers in the study area. The study was conducted from October 2009-March 2010, at JUCAVM experimental field and Seka Chokorsa woreda under irrigated condition using nine hot pepper varieties (Mareko fana, Bako local, Melka zala, Weldele, Melka shote, Oda haro, Dube medium, Dube short) and one local (Gojeb local) as a control. The experiment consisted of two factors (location and variety) and was laid out in a split-plot arrangement in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The result of the study showed significant interactions between location and varieties on days to 50% flowering, days to first harvest, mean number of flowers per plant, canopy diameter, mean number of branches (primary, secondary and territory), shoot and root dry weight (g), number of fruit per plant, number of seed per fruit, mean seed weight per fruit, marketable, unmarketable and total yield (t ha-1), fruit dry weight (g), pericarp thickness, fruit length and fruit diameter. As a result, the earliest variety to attain days to 50% flowering was Gojeb local at Kechema site followed by Mareko fana at both locations. The variety to attain shortest days to first harvest was recorded from variety Gojeb local while the highest number of fruits per plant was from Weldele at Kechema site. On the other hand the highest primary, secondary and tertiary branches were recorded from variety Weldele at Kechema site. Similarly the thickest fruit size was obtained from Mareko fana at Kechema site, whereas, the widest fruit diameter was recorded from Mareko fana, Bako local, Dube medium and Dube short at Kechema site, respectively. The highest marketable yield (t ha-1) of hot peppers was recorded from Varieties Weldele, Mareko fana, Dube medium and Dube short at JUCAVM and Kechema, respectively while the highest total yield (t ha-1) was recorded from Weldele and Mareko fana at both locations. The high yielding capacities were attributed to their early flowering and maturity, days to first harvest, high marketable and total yield, dry weight content of the varieties as well as their reaction to disease. © 2015 Academic Journals Inc.
Capsicum; Dry pod yield; Hot pepper; Jimma SW ethicpia; Quality parameters
Capsicum; Capsicum frutescens