Suffering infertility: The impact of infertility on women's life experiences in two nigerian communities
Journal of Biosocial Science
Ibis Reproductive Health, Cambridge, MA, United States; Department of Anthropology, Brown University, Providence, RI, United States; Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria; Department of Anthropology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, Unit
This paper examines the experiences of women with infertility in two Nigerian communities with different systems of descent and historically different levels of infertility. First, the paper focuses on the life experiences of individual women across the two communities and second, it compares these experiences with those of their fertile counterparts, in each community. In doing this, women who are childless are distinguished from those with subfertility and compared with high-fertility women. The research is based on interdisciplinary research conducted among the Ijo and Yakurr people of southern Nigeria, which included a survey of approximately 100 childless and subfertile women and a matching sample of 100 fertile women as well as in-depth ethnographic interviews with childless and subfertile women in two communities: Amakiri in Delta State and Lopon in Cross River State. The findings indicate that while there are variations in the extent to which childlessness is considered to be problematic, the necessity for a woman to have a child remains basic in this region. Copyright © 2010 Cambridge University Press.
adaptive behavior; adult; aged; article; case control study; confidence interval; cultural anthropology; demography; female; fertility; health survey; human; human relation; infertility; mental stress; middle aged; multivariate analysis; Nigeria; perception; psychological aspect; risk; social psychology; women's health; Adaptation, Psychological; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Anthropology, Cultural; Case-Control Studies; Confidence Intervals; Demography; Female; Fertility; Health Surveys; Humans; Infertility; Interpersonal Relations; Middle Aged; Multivariate Analysis; Nigeria; Odds Ratio; Prejudice; Residence Characteristics; Social Perception; Stress, Psychological; Women's Health