Chemical composition of the dry fruit of Tetrapleura tetraptera and its potential impact on human health
Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants
Fruits and Biotechnology Programme, National Horticultural Research Institute, P. M. B. 5432, Idi-Ishin, Ibadan, Nigeria; Crop Utilization Unit, National Horticultural Research Institute, Idi-Ishin, Ibadan, Nigeria; Crop Utilization Unit, International In
The chemical composition of Tetrapleura tetraptera, used traditionally as a spice and in African folk medicine, was determined. The proximate composition (%) based on dry weight was ash (3.17 to 3.48); crude protein (5.13 to 8.65); sugar (3.29 to 39.63); and starch (7.56 to 29.10). The mineral content (mg/kg) based on dry weight was Fe (29.69 to 65.06); Zn (5.35 to 25.16); Cu (4.00 to 12.54); Mg (392.35 to 2951.28); Mn (16.23 to 178.91);, Na (119.48 to 2364.93); Ca (1348.63 to 13839.86); K (8631.09 to 14881.00); and B (1.14 to 6.23). The sugar, starch, Zn, Cu, Mg, Mn, Na, Ca; and K contents were different in different sections of the fruit (p < 0 .05). The phytochemicals (mg/100 g) based on dry weight were total polyphenol (38.05 to 2907.15); flavonoid (10.30 to 410.75); saponin (60.80 to 953.40); tannin (135.50 to 1097.50); and phytate (1021.00 to 5170.00). The phytochemical composition in the fruits was generally high and comparable to other commonly used spices, indicating the potential use of T. tetraptera as a source of these phytochemicals in traditional medicine. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
boron; calcium; copper; flavonoid; iron; magnesium; manganese; phytate; polyphenol; potassium; saponin; sodium; starch; sugar; tannin; vegetable protein; zinc; chemical composition; fruit; health impact; legume; medicinal plant; phenol; phytochemistry; protein; public health; starch; sugar; tannin; traditional medicine; article; ash; chemical composition; concentration (parameters); dry weight; fruit; nonhuman; plant seed; Tetrapleura; tetrapleura tetraptera; Tetrapleura tetraptera