Instantaneous angular speed monitoring of gearboxes under non-cyclic stationary load conditions
Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Dynamic Systems Group, Dept. of Mech. and Aero. Engineering, Univ. of Pretoria, Engineering Tower, Pretoria, South Africa
Recent developments in the condition monitoring and asset management market have led to the commercialisation of online vibration-monitoring systems. These systems are primarily utilised to monitor large mineral mining equipment such as draglines, continuous miners and hydraulic shovels. Online monitoring systems make diagnostic information continuously available for asset management, production outsourcing and maintenance alliances with equipment manufacturers. However, most online vibration-monitoring systems are based on conventional vibration-monitoring technologies, which are prone to giving false equipment deterioration warnings on gears that operate under fluctuating load conditions. A simplified mathematical model of a gear system was developed to illustrate the feasibility of monitoring the instantaneous angular speed (IAS) as a means of monitoring the condition of gears that are subjected to fluctuating load conditions. A distinction is made between cyclic stationary load modulation and non-cyclic stationary load modulation. It is shown that rotation domain averaging will suppress the modulation caused by non-cyclic stationary load conditions but will not suppress the modulation caused by cyclic stationary load conditions. An experimental investigation on a test rig indicated that the IAS of a gear shaft could be monitored with a conventional shaft encoder to indicate a deteriorating gear fault condition. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Condition monitoring; Deterioration; Hydraulic tools; Loads (forces); Mathematical models; Natural frequencies; Online systems; Shovels; Speed; Vibration measurement; Asset management; Gearboxes; Hydraulic shovels; Instantaneous angular speed (IAS); Non-cyclic stationary load conditions; Structural response; Gears