Permanent tracheostomy: Its social impacts and their management in Ondo State, Southwest, Nigeria
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Departments of Ear, Nose and Throat.Head and Neck Surgery, State Specialist Hospital, P.O. Box 3861, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
Background: Upper respiratory tract obstruction resulting from bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve damage is commonly managed with permanent tracheostomy in our environment. Objective: To evaluate the social impacts of permanent tracheostomy and its management in Ondo State, Southwest Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Four patients were managed with permanent tracheostomy due to bilateral laryngeal nerve paralysis following thyroidectomy. The observed complications are grouped as surgical/medical and social complications. Results: Surgical/medical complications include excessive mucus production, 29 (43.2%), stoma infection 18 (26.8%), stoma polyp and soft tissue blockage of tube fenestrations were 10 (15%) each. The observed impacts on patients' social life include: Negative attitude of family members, difficulty with professional use of voice, problems of social integration and scarcity of tracheostomy tube with speaking valves. Conclusion: Management of social impacts of permanent tracheostomy is more difficult than other complications and family members must be involved in it.
adult; aged; airway obstruction; article; comparative study; female; human; incidence; methodology; middle aged; Nigeria; postoperative complication; prognosis; psychological aspect; quality of life; social change; tracheostomy; Adult; Aged; Airway Obstruction; Female; Humans; Incidence; Middle Aged; Nigeria; Postoperative Complications; Prognosis; Quality of Life; Social Change; Tracheostomy