Impact of the legacy of apartheid on management of sport at the University of the North, South Africa
Journal of Human Movement Studies
Department of Sport and Physical Rehabilitation Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa; Lephutha Leadership Training and Development Institute, Marble Hall, Mpumalanga, South Africa; Department of Management and Accounting, Faculty of Administration, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria; Department of Sport and Physical Rehabilitation Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology, P. Bag X680, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
South Africa has had a long history of social and political upheavals. Before multiracial elections and subsequent independence in 1994, the enforcement of apartheid laws and intensification of the struggle against it had considerable impact on the management and development of social order in the country. Several repressive laws especially the group areas act, entrenched the ideology of separate development and marginalised black South African people. The University of the North was one of the historically disadvantaged institutions established for black South Africans during the apartheid era. Consequently, it was not only under resourced compared to other universities that were predominantly attended by white South Africans, but was 'destined' to fail. Apartheid policies and values permeated historically disadvantaged institutions in South Africa to the extent that provision and management of sport at these institutions manifest symptoms of this historical past which are a set back to development. Therefore, this study was carried out to investigate the management of sport at the University of the North against back drop of racial and sectarian sport. It was concluded that historical events characterised by politically driven policies, poor resources, inadequate sport facilities and poor managerial skills stifled sport participation and development at the university. These challenges were discussed in the light of their implications for management and development of university sport. ©2006 Teviot Scientific Publications.