Herbal and alternative medicine: The impact on anesthesia
Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Department of Maxillo-Facial-Oral Surgery, Oral and Dental Hospital, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
The use of herbal and alternative therapies is increasing all over the developed as well as the developing world. As pharmacological data on drug interactions involving herbal therapies becomes available, it is important to be familiar with the challenges that concomitant use of these medications may present within the peri-operative period. This review aims to shed light on the more commonly used herbal drugs, and to discuss drug interactions and complications that may be expected in their use. © 2015 The Author(s).
acetylsalicylic acid; antacid agent; anticoagulant agent; anticonvulsive agent; antihistaminic agent; benzodiazepine; buspirone; chamomile; corticosteroid; cyclosporin; cytochrome P450; fluoxetine; furosemide; garlic extract; histamine H2 receptor antagonist; hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase; kava extract; levodopa; nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; nonsteroid antiinflammatory agent; oral contraceptive agent; primrose oil; proton pump inhibitor; theophylline; thromboxane A2; trazodone; unindexed drug; valerian; von Willebrand factor; warfarin; Aloe vera; alternative medicine; anesthesia; Article; bleeding; central nervous system; clinical trial (topic); drug bioavailability; Echinacea angustifolia; electrolyte transport; Ginkgo biloba; Glycyrrhiza glabra; heart arrhythmia; herb drug interaction; herbal medicine; human; Hypericum perforatum; hypertension; immune response; immunomodulation; kidney dysfunction; liver toxicity; Matricaria recutita; Panax quinquefolius; pharmacodynamics; physician; Piper methysticum; sedation; serotonin syndrome; Tanacetum parthenium; vasoconstriction