Performance analysis of public funded irrigation projects in Tanzania
Irrigation and Drainage Systems
Department of Irrigation and Technical Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; Department of Structural and Construction Engineering, College of Engineering and Technology, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Application of indicator-based management tools to evaluate performance and taking measures to mitigate the negative effects on project performance contributes to improvement. This research paper presents the findings of the analysis of performance of public funded smallholder irrigation projects in Tanzania with the aim to inform improvement actions. Through opinion survey of a sample of policy or decision makers and implementers of projects, and a case study of 16 smallholder irrigation projects, conceptual and physical data were collected and analyzed. The findings show that performance assessment in irrigation sub-sector in Tanzania is ad hoc, fragmented and done mainly during the construction phase, in donor funded projects. Seventy percent of 20 highly ranking performance indicators considered suitable in Tanzania also have high potential to improve project performance in the Tanzanian irrigation industry. These indicators constitute the key performance determinants. Forty percent of performance indicators currently used in Tanzania, which include the traditional time and cost indicators, are considered not significant in improving performance. Time and cost overrun of 16 investigated projects was in the tune of 50% and 8% respectively. The factors affecting project performance are diverse but interrelated, with possible common root causes, and effects cutting across various project processes. The mitigation measures are also interrelated and cut across project processes, and therefore, require integrative approaches. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Irrigation projects; Performance; Performance assessment; Performance indicators; Tanzania; Benchmarking; Irrigation; Water supply; irrigation system; performance assessment; project management; smallholder; Tanzania