Health impact assessment of industrial development projects: A spatio-temporal visualization
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, P.O. Box, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland; University of Basel, P.O. Box, CH-4003 Basel, Switzerland; NewFields, LLC, Denver, CO 80202, United States; SHAPE Consulting Ltd., Pretoria 0062, South Africa; Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, United States
Development and implementation of large-scale industrial projects in complex eco-epidemiological settings typically require combined environmental, social and health impact assessments. We present a generic, spatio-temporal health impact assessment (HIA) visualization, which can be readily adapted to specific projects and key stakeholders, including poorly literate communities that might be affected by consequences of a project. We illustrate how the occurrence of a variety of complex events can be utilized for stakeholder communication, awareness creation, interactive learning as well as formulating HIA research and implementation questions. Methodological features are highlighted in the context of an iron ore development in a rural part of Africa.
iron derivative; Africa south of the Sahara; article; developing country; environment; geographic information system; geography; health; health care policy; health care quality; human; industry; instrumentation; methodology; mining; public health; rural population; statistics; time; visual field; Africa South of the Sahara; Developing Countries; Environment; Geographic Information Systems; Geography; Health Policy; Humans; Industry; Iron Compounds; Mining; Program Evaluation; Public Health; Rural Population; Time Factors; Visual Fields; World Health