Evaluation of the climate prediction center (CPC) morphing technique (CMORPH) rainfall product on hourly time scales over the source of the Blue Nile River
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, 70504, United States; African Climate Policy Center, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, P.O. Box3001, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Department of Water Resources, Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation, Twente University, P.O. Box 217, Enschede, 7500 AE, Netherlands
Limited availability of surface-based rainfall observations constrains the evaluation of satellite rainfall products over many regions. Observations are also often not available at time scales to allow evaluation of satellite products at their finest resolutions. In the present study, we utilized a 3-month rainfall data set from an experimental network of eight automatic gauges in Gilgel Abbay watershed in Ethiopia to evaluate the 1-hourly, 8×8-km Climate Prediction Center morphing technique (CMORPH) rainfall product. The watershed is situated in the Lake Tana basin which is the source of the Blue Nile River. We applied a suite of statistical metrics that included mean difference, bias, standard deviation of differences and measures of association. Our results indicate that the accuracy of the CMORPH product shows a significant variation across the basin area. Its estimates are mostly within ±10mmh-1 of the gauge rainfall observations; however, the product does not satisfactorily capture the rainfall temporal variability and is poorly correlated (<0.27) to gauge observations. Its poor rain detection capability led to significant underestimation of the seasonal rainfall depth (total bias reaches up to -52%) with large amounts of hit rain bias as well as missed rain and false rain biases. In the future refinement of CMORPH algorithm, more attention should be given to reducing missed rain bias over the mountains of Gilgel Abbay, whereas equal attention should be given to hit, missed rain and false rain biases over other parts of the watershed. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd..
Bias; Blue Nile; CMORPH; Lake Tana; Satellite rainfalls; Validation; Climatology; Gages; Lakes; Landforms; Satellites; Soil moisture; Watersheds; Rain; algorithm; climate prediction; data set; rainfall; raingauge; statistical analysis; temporal variation; watershed; Blue Nile [Nile River]; Ethiopia; Gilgel Abay Basin; Lake Tana; Nile River