Influence of processing cassava peels on the hydrogen cyanide concentration, nutritive value and performance of growing rabbits
Tropical Animal Health and Production
Department of Animal Science, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria; Department of Animal Production Technology, Federal College of Wildlife Management, New Bussa, Niger State, Nigeria; Department of Basic Science, Federal College of Wildlife Management, Ne
Forty-eight rabbits used to investigate the response of growing rabbits to diets containing differently processed cassava peel meals were divided into four groups balanced for sex and weight. These groups were then assigned at random to the experimental treatments. Four diets were formulated such that the diets contained 200 g/kg of the experimental feedstuffs, sun-dried cassava peel meal (S), ensiled cassava peel meal (E) and retted cassava peel meal (R), and the control did not contain any cassava peels. Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) concentration in the processed cassava peel meal was lower relative to the unprocessed meal. It was, however, lowest in R and highest in E. With the exception of S, fibre fractions were lower in the processed meal compared to the unprocessed meal. The E depressed (p< 0. 05) feed and digestible nutrient intakes, weight gain, nutrient digestibility, digestible protein (DP), digestible energy (DE) and DP/DE ratio but increased protein intake to gain and feed to gain ratios compared to other diets. Intake of HCN decreased (p< 0. 05) successively in this order: R, S and E. The results indicate that retting and sun-drying are more effective in cassava peel detoxification than ensiling, and dietary HCN concentration and intake of 56 and 4 mg/kg BW, respectively, were not toxic under the conditions of the experiment. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
hydrogen cyanide; animal; animal food; article; body weight; caloric intake; chemistry; female; male; Manihot; metabolism; rabbit; randomization; Animal Feed; Animals; Body Weight; Energy Intake; Female; Hydrogen Cyanide; Male; Manihot; Rabbits; Random Allocation; Manihot esculenta; Oryctolagus cuniculus