Does integrating family planning into HIV care and treatment impact intention to use contraception? Patient perspectives from HIV-infected individuals in Nyanza Province, Kenya
International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Bixby Center for Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, United States; Ibis Reproductive Health, Oakland, United States; Centre for Microbiology Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; Center for AIDS Prevention, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, United States
Objective To evaluate whether HIV-infected women and men in HIV care and not using highly effective methods of contraception thought they would be more likely to use contraception if it were available at the HIV clinic. Methods A face-to-face survey assessing family-planning knowledge, attitudes, and practices was conducted among 976 HIV-infected women and men at 18 public-sector HIV clinics in Nyanza, Kenya. Data were analyzed using logistic regression and generalized estimating equations. Results The majority of women (73%) and men (71%) thought that they or their partner would be more likely to use family planning if it were offered at the HIV clinic. In multivariable analysis, women who reported making family-planning decisions with their partner (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 3.22; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.53-6.80) and women aged 18-25 years who were not currently using family planning (aOR 4.76; 95% CI, 2.28-9.95) were more likely to think they would use contraception if integrated services were available. Women who perceived themselves to be infertile (aOR 0.07; 95% CI, 0.02-0.31) and had access to a cell phone (aOR 0.40; 95% CI, 0.25-0.63) were less likely to think that integrated services would change their contraceptive use. Men who were not taking antiretroviral medications (aOR 3.30; 95% CI, 1.49-7.29) were more likely, and men who were unsure of their partner's desired number of children (aOR 0.36; 95% CI, 0.17-0.76), were not currently using family planning (aOR 0.40; 95% CI, 0.22-0.73), and were living in a peri-urban setting (aOR 0.46; 95% CI, 0.21-0.99) were less likely to think their partner would use contraception if available at the HIV clinic. Conclusions Integrating family planning into HIV care would probably have a broad impact on the majority of women and men accessing HIV care and treatment. Integrated services would offer the opportunity to involve men more actively in the contraceptive decision-making process, potentially addressing 2 barriers to family planning: access to contraception and partner uncertainty or opposition. © 2013 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics.
adult; article; attitude; contraception; decision making; family planning; female; health care; human; Human immunodeficiency virus; Human immunodeficiency virus infection; Kenya; major clinical study; male; mobile phone; priority journal; Contraception; Decision making; Family planning; HIV; Integration; Adolescent; Adult; Anti-HIV Agents; Contraception; Contraception Behavior; Cross-Sectional Studies; Data Collection; Decision Making; Delivery of Health Care, Integrated; Family Planning Services; Female; HIV Infections; Humans; Kenya; Logistic Models; Male; Multivariate Analysis; Patient Acceptance of Health Care; Sexual Partners; Young Adult
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences; NIH, National Institutes of Health