Hydroentanglement nonwoven filters for air filtration and its performance evaluation
Journal of Applied Polymer Science
CSIR Materials Science and Manufacturing, Fibres and Textiles Competence Area, Port Elizabeth 6000, South Africa; Department of Textile Science, Faculty of Science, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth 6031, South Africa
New nonwoven filters are developed for air filtration application with the help of hydroentanglement bonding technique. Different types of nonwoven filters are produced by varying the hydroentanglement processing parameters. The changes in nonwoven filter properties after prolonged exposure to working conditions under cyclic compression play an important role in its long-term performance characteristics. The performance of the developed filters are evaluated in terms of changes in pore characteristics, filtration parameters, and strength after cyclic compression and compared with the corresponding values before subjecting it to cyclic compression. The developed filter shows good performance characteristics for air filtration with low pressure drop and high efficiency in capturing micron and submicron size particles without any significant changes in its strength. Theoretical understanding of the fluid flow emerging from the nozzles during the hydroentanglement process is simulated by the computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Based on the fluid drag force and impact force of the water jets, a mechanism of fiber bonding is proposed. The impact force of the water jets and fluid drag forces plays an important role in the mechanism of fiber bonding. Nozzle condition also plays an important role in economizing this process. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Air filtration; Bonding techniques; Compression; Cyclic compression; Fiber bonding; Fluid drag force; Fluid flow; High efficiency; Hydroentanglement; Impact force; Long term performance; Low pressure drop; Nonwoven filter; Performance characteristics; Performance evaluation; Pore characteristics; Processing parameters; Sub-micron size particles; Water jets; Working conditions; Bonding; Computational fluid dynamics; Drag; Fibers; Fluids; Gas dynamics; Jets; Nonwoven fabrics; Nozzles; Weaving; Air filters; bonding; compression; filter; filtration; fluid flow; force; hydroentangling; impact; nonwoven fabric; nozzle; particle size; performance assessment; water jet